Modern trucks powered by diesel engines exist to fulfill a variety of purposes from carrying heavy cargo to mounting specialized equipments like concrete mixer, fire trucks and suction excavators. The size of commercial trucks vary according to the purpose they serve, trucks vary from anywhere between heavy duty haul trucks used in mining to light duty carriers almost the size of an SUV .Trucks are generally powered by diesel engines but some medium size trucks can pack gasoline or petrol powered engines. SINOTRUK with its manufacturing base located in Jinan, China in 1960 was the first manufacturer to produce heavy duty trucks domestically in China. Since then SINOTRUK has set up various manufacturing subsidiaries to produce heavy duty, light duty, special purpose commercial trucks and a bus manufacturing subsidiary with plants in 8 different countries around the world.
- Mining industry and haul trucks.
The mining business is involved with the extraction of valuable minerals and other geological materials. The extracted materials are changed into a mineralized form that serves an economic advantage to the miner or excavator. Typical activities in the mining business incorporate metal production, metal investing and metal trading. A haul truck is a type of dump truck which is mainly used to carry heavy cargo in construction sites and mining productions. Haul trucks have a rigid frame and are the largest dump trucks ever built. SINOTRUK manufactures haul trucks that move more material at lower cost with keeping the safety norms in mind. These mining trucks are designed to avoid and reduce the chances of fatal accidents due to loss of control by the driver.
- Mining trucks and the safety of its drivers
Mining accidents and injuries can be serious, even fatal, and occur frequently enough to be of constant concern to the industry, the workforce, and the regulatory authorities. Haul trucks are a heavy type of earth-moving equipment used in mining operations, and commonly carry 35-400 metric tons of payload, with cabins 3-5 m above ground level. With such equipment size , the assembling of energy in use can be extreme, with consequent serious injury potential. A large number of miners die from mining mishaps every year, particularly during the process of coal mining and hard rock mining. Surface mining ordinarily is less dangerous than underground mining. The vast majority of deaths today occur in developing countries, particularly China. China’s coal mines are the world’s deadliest, killing an average of 13 mineworkers per day. China represented the largest number of coal-mining fatalities, accounting for about 80% of the world’s aggregate, despite the fact that it created just 35% of the world’s coal. SINOTRUK has designed its mining trucks keeping this numbers in mind. A fully air conditioned cabin with 360 degree visibility is one among the variety of features SINOTRUK’s models have to offer. Certain types of surface haulage accidents occur frequently, which are :
- Vehicles /persons being run over by haul trucks;
- Miners getting caught in conveyors;
- Haul trucks going over dump points; etc.
Common factors in accidents where trucks go out of control include defective brakes, steep grades, driver error, overloading, etc. Mining trucks manufactured by SINOTRUK are equipped with durable parts that have a longer life in mining operations. SINOTRUK models are also equipped with automatic transmission to aid the driver’s overall control over the vehicle. The body, chassis, axle and suspension equipped in SINOTRUK’s models is designed to carry more load than its contemporaries. One of the key measures that need to be incorporated in preventing truck accidents is the systematic and timely maintenance of equipments and functional spare parts. SINOTRUK since its inception has manufactured trucks with equipments that are durable, long lasting and require little timely maintenance without compromising on the truck’s overall robust and safety oriented design.
As a comparison, annual coal mining deaths numbered more than 1,000 a year in the early part of the 20th century in the U.S. They decreased to an average of about 450 annual fatalities in the 1950s and to 141 in the 1970s. The yearly average in coal mining decreased to 30 fatalities from 2001-2005. From 60 to 70 miners still die each year in coal and non-coal mining industry.
- Common accidents occurring in the mining industry.
- Explosive or blast related accidents: Blasting comprises of utilizing explosives for rock breaking purpose. Appropriate and inappropriate utilization of explosives could lead to lethal circumstances.
- Premature Blast: The explosion of a dangerous charge sooner than warranted .A premature blast might be because of carelessness, unplanned percussion, a defective fuse, or degenerated explosives.
- Mine-Induced earthquakes: Particularly dangerous in underground mining zones, mine-induced seismicity additionally causes slope instability in surface mining and is a major threat for miners.The use of explosives may cause seismic tremor like occasions that collapse mines and traps mineworkers in, as happened to the 33 excavators stuck underground from August to October 2010 in a Chilean mine close to the city of Copiapo, or kill them, flood the mine and destroy structures on the surface.
- Fly – Rocks: For as far back as two decades, most explosives-related injuries and fatalities in surface mines occurred when miners were struck by rocks, either in light of the fact that they were too close to the blast or the rock was tossed a lot more farther than anticipated. In mines, most blast related fatalities were caused by miners being excessively close to the blast, followed by hazardous fume poisoning, misfires and untimely explosions.
- SINOTRUK mining trucks are equipped with concealed cabins unlike conventional mining trucks that protect the driver from inhalation of dusty air which might cause future health problems.